Cornwall, UK: Holidays, Tourism, and Pasties

Land's End, Cornwall
Image by Roger Butterfield
Cornwall is England's most westerly and most southerly county. With nearly 300 miles of coastline, some of England's best weather, and a rich history, Cornwall is a major tourist destination.

Cornwall boasts many world famous tourist attractions including Land's End, The Eden Project, and St.Michael's Mount, as well as towns and cities like St. Ives, Newquay, Penzance, and Padstow that are known throughout the world.


Kernow is the name for Cornwall in Kernowek (or Kernewek), the Cornish language that was recognized as a minority language under the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages in 2002.

Many Cornish children study the language in school, and books, music, and films are published in the language.

Major Towns and Cities in Cornwall

The 10 largest towns and cities in Cornwall by population are:
  1. St. Austell, famous for its china clay and the St. Austell Brewery
  2. Falmouth, with the deepest natural harbour in Western Europe, and third deepest in the world, used by Sir Francis Chicester and Dame Ellen MacArthur for their round-the-world voyages
  3. Truro, the only city in Cornwall, is the center for administration in the county
  4. Penzance, home of the pirates in the comic opera The Pirtaes of Penzance by Gilbert and Sullivan, is a sheltered port in the South-West coast of the county
  5. Camborne, historically the center of the tin and copper mining industries, is undergoing a major regeneration to reverse its economic decline
  6. Newquay, regarded as the surfing capital of the UK, has been a major tourist attraction for more than a century
  7. Saltash, which faces the Devon city of Plymouth across the River Tamar, is famous for Isambard Kingdom Brunel's Royal Albert Bridge
  8. Bodmin, one of the oldest towns in Cornwall, was founded in the 6th Century by St. Petroc
  9. Redruth, originally a small market town and now a small commercial town, was at the center of Cornwall's copper mining industry in the 19th Century
  10. St. Ives, originally a fishing port, is now primarily a holiday resort famous for the many artists who live there for the quality of the light.

The Eden Project

At the heart of the Eden Project are two huge Biomes, artificial domes that support an ecosystems. One supports a tropical environment, and the other a Mediterranean environment. The Biomes contain thousands of plant species from around the world.

The Eden Project combines education and conservation, whilst providing a fascinating tourist attraction.

Cornish Pasty

The traditional Cornish pasty has been granted Protected Geographical Indication (PGI) status in Europe, meaning they can only be made in Cornwall. A Conish pasty is filled with beef, sliced or diced potato, together with swede and onion, and is seasoned with salt and pepper The pasty makes up six percent of the Cornish food economy.

Originally cooked for miners to eat whilst at work, pasties had a thick crust on one side that would get covered in coal dust from the miners' hands and hence wasn't eaten, and often had baked apple at one end.

Today, pasties are made with dozens of different fillings, and towns like St. Ives have shops that specialize in selling them to tourists and locals alike.

Related posts

Land's End, Cornwall
The Eden Project, Cornwall
St Ives, Cornwall: Holidays, Art, and The Tate Gallery
Newquay, Cornwall: Holidays, Beaches, and Surfing
Penzance, Cornwall: Holidays, St Michael's Mount, and the Pirates